The Traditional Music of Vietnam

The Traditional Music of Vietnam

Having traveled to Vietnam, I’ve learned to love the traditional music of the country. It’s a beautiful and vibrant sound that reflects the culture of Vietnam. It’s not surprising that many people enjoy listening to it. It’s one of the many reasons that Vietnam is a popular tourist destination.

Ho (Chanty)

Traditionally, music is a very important part of the Vietnamese culture. It is used to relieve stress, gain motivation, and to express feelings. There are several types of Vietnamese music. In addition, Vietnamese traditional music has a lot of unique characteristics.

Aside from traditional music, Vietnamese music also features a wide range of musical instruments. They include percussion instruments, string instruments, blowing instruments, and wind instruments. They are designed to represent specific sounds and emotions. In addition, they are durable and long-lasting.

The most popular music instrument is the drum. The drum is used to punctuate the song. In addition, it is also used to express pleasure. Its impact on the audience is also greater.

Vietnamese traditional music is influenced by a lot of foreign music styles. The main influences include Japanese and Korean music. These countries have helped Vietnam to establish several musical genres.

One of the most popular musical genres is Ca Tru. It is a combination of poetry and music. This type of music is popular in the northern and north central regions. It was popular among the aristocrats in the 15th century. It has a lot of spiritual meaning. The song is accompanied by cymbals and small drums.

In addition to the Ca Tru music, there is also Ho and Ly music. These two songs are about the life and labor of Vietnamese laborers. They have a lot to say about the moods of the workers.

These songs also have a lot of spiritual meaning. These songs have elaborate words, are sung in a solemn manner, and are accompanied by several instruments. In addition, they are performed over four or eight hours.

Chau Van (Chau Van)

Originally, Chau Van is a form of religious music. It was born out of worship of divinities, saints, and heroes of legends. It is a blend of singing and dancing. The performance includes instruments such as a moon-shaped lute, a drum, a flute, a clapper, a 16-stringed zither, and a gong.

The Chau van is also associated with the practice of Shamanism. A supernatural being is said to control the headgear and clothes of the worshiper. This is an example of primitive soul possession. The worshiper’s behavior must change to match the supernatural being.

The performance may last up to four hours. It may involve up to five participants in the same ceremony. The music is composed by an orchestra, which plays various styles of dance music. The instruments used are mainly a flute, a clapper, and a moon-shaped lute. The music may contain a number of variations, depending on the number of verses sung.

Chau Van (Chau Van)
Photo Credit: Jean-Pierre Dalbéra

The musical style of Chau van is a unique feature of Vietnamese culture. It is a mixture of traditional music techniques and folk tales from all over the country. In addition to music, the songs incorporate features of costumes, pagodas, and cuisine. The songs may praise national heroes, or the merits of gods and goddesses.

Currently, Chau Van is nominated for UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage. Bui Thi Huong Thuy, deputy head of the Cultural Heritage Management Division of the Hanoi Department of Culture and Sports, spoke about the Vietnamese intangible cultural heritage.

According to the National Intangible Cultural Heritage dossier, the Chau van is a valuable religious form of art. It is expected to promote people’s understanding of Goddesses and Goddesses of Nature.

Nhac dan toc cai bien

‘Nhac dan toc cai bien’ is the modern form of Vietnamese folk music, a fusion of East and West. It has become popular in Vietnam. It is a musical style that incorporates Western elements such as harmony and instrumentation, and usually includes martial arts and acrobatics.

Traditional Vietnamese music includes a variety of styles, and varies from region to region. Typically, it uses a five-note scale. It uses a wide range of instruments, ranging from wind instruments to stringed instruments. The instruments are mostly made from natural materials.

One of the most popular traditional forms of Vietnamese music is ca tru, a vocal chamber music genre. This type of music is popular in rural village halls in Vietnam. It was also popular in urban “singing houses” in Vietnam during the 20th century. In 2009, ca tru was recognized by UNESCO as an intangible cultural heritage. However, the government has had a difficult relationship with the ca tru community.

Another form of folk music is hat chau van, a form of rhythmic singing that has been a part of Vietnamese culture since the 16th century. The instrument used for this style is a bamboo xylophone called t’rung.

Traditional Vietnamese musical instruments include lutes, zithers, dan tranh duoc su dung doc tau, and other stringed instruments. They are used for solo performances, as well as orchestra performances. Some of these instruments are used for dances. The traditional instruments of Vietnam are also used in musical theatre.

Another popular form of folk music is quan ho, a courting ritual. It involves improvised singing. These types of music are played at weddings and birthdays. It is a very syncretic musical style that incorporates traditional Vietnamese, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese styles.

Hue royal court music

Among the many kinds of traditional art performances in Vietnam, Hue royal court music is an example of ancient music of the Nguyen dynasty. Its performance is the symbol of prosperity and longevity of the dynasty. It also contributes to the solemnity of ceremonies. The Hue Royal Court Music has become a valuable cultural heritage.

Hue’s royal court music was first performed in Ly Dynasty (1010-1225). It was gradually developed under the reign of Le Dynasty, Ho Dynasty, and Tran Dynasty. During the reign of Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945), the music reached its peak. During this time, it was officially recognized by the Nguyen emperors as the official court music.

The traditional art performance of Vietnamese court music is generally used for important worshipping ceremonies and the entertainment of Kings. It also has several forms of performance, such as opera, dances, and ceremonial music.

The Hue Royal Court Music has been widely appreciated by both domestic and foreign people. In 2003, it was listed as an Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. In addition, the performance of Hue Royal Art Theater has been staged for art programs in Belgium, Austria, and France.

Hue Royal Art Theater has also conducted performances for research purposes and for propagation. In 2002, it staged art programs in Belgium and Austria. In 2003, it was recognized as the masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. It has been recognized as a valuable heritage that should be handed down to later generations.

The Hue Royal Court Music has two subtypes, Dai Nhac and Tieu Nhac. Dai Nhac is a large-scale orchestra that includes string and wind instruments. Its performance is a combination of music instruments and singing. Tieu Nhac is a smaller orchestra. The musicians wear traditional costumes, and their performance is usually held in religious events.

Instruments used in Vietnam

Instruments used in Vietnam
Photo Credit: Jacek Karczmarczyk

Various traditional instruments are used in Vietnamese music for dances, songs, and orchestra performances. These instruments are primarily made of natural materials. Some instruments are also used for solo performances.

The Dan Nhi is a type of Vietnamese lute. It has a neck with no frets. It is made of wood, snake skin, or bamboo. The strings are normally made of nylon. It has two pegs for tuning. The instrument’s sound is clear and soft. It can be played as a solo instrument or as part of an orchestra. The string has a range of approximately 1.5 octaves. The strings can be strummed with a finger or a pick. The instrument is usually played in solo and in accompaniment.

The Dan Bau is another traditional Vietnamese zither. It has a chord that is stretched between a bamboo body. The sound is sweet and deep. The instrument was first made of silk strings. It has a long neck. It produces a clear sound, but has changed in recent years. It is no longer vibrating because of the addition of silk and steel strings. The sound has become closer to that of a human voice. It is a popular instrument in court music.

The Dan Bau zither has three variations. A professional instrument features twelve to sixteen pipes lined up on a rack. It is often played by blind street singers. In the past, the strings were silk or iron. However, these have been replaced by nylon strings. The player must use a variety of techniques to play the instrument. Ngon Chun is a unique technique used to lower the melody.

The Dan Nguyet is also a traditional instrument in Vietnam. It has two strings that can be strung with a finger or a pick. It has a relatively long neck and can be played solo or in accompaniment. It is often played during solemn ceremonies and in the royal arts of Vietnam.