How Many Musical Instruments Are There in the World

How Many Musical Instruments Are There in the World?

There are many types of musical instruments. The Hornbostel-Sachs system classifies them by type and function. The first three types are chordophones, which produce sound by vibrating strings. These include zithers, keyboard chordophones, and bowed chordophones. Aerophones, on the other hand, produce sound by vibrating columns of air. Other types include xylophones, shaken idiophones, and reedpipes.

Most popular musical instruments

The piano is the most common and widely used musical instrument, but there are others, too. The ukulele is also one of the most popular instruments for beginners. A harp is another common instrument that has a rich history, but is a bit more difficult to play. A lyre, on the other hand, is similar to a harp but is played differently. It has strings that were originally made of animal gut, and the player would pluck the strings in order to cause the tension to rise and fall.

A lyre is a stringed musical instrument that was developed around 8000 BC by people from the Mediterranean. The earliest known lyre was found on a vase in Cyprus, and it is believed that some people in these parts of the world used lyres in ceremonial settings.

Most popular musical instruments

A saxophone is another popular woodwind instrument, and the process of making a sound begins by blowing air into the reed, which makes the instrument’s distinctive sound. Many jazz artists use saxophones in their shows. Meanwhile, the guitar is a popular string instrument. The guitar works by strumming the strings with the dominant hand and pressing the strings to the fretboard with the other hand.

The guitar is another instrument that is popular among beginners. Guitars have become increasingly popular since the rise of rock music. A video game called Guitar Hero is named after the instrument, but it is not the same as “Piano Hero.” Guitars can be played solo or in groups, and they improve hand-eye coordination. Guitars are made from different materials, and there are several styles of guitars to choose from.


There are several classifications of musical instruments. Most of these categorize instruments according to their sound sources. The major categories include chordophones, aerophones, membranophones, idiophones, and winds. Some musicologists also include a separate category for electrophones. These categories are often used to describe and compare instruments.

Some instruments produce sound by being struck or tapped. Percussion instruments are classified as either instruments of indefinite or definite pitch. Their sound depends on the shape of the parts, the material used, and the resonating cavity. Examples of percussion instruments include drums and cymbals.


Flute: A flute is a narrow-bored instrument that is held horizontally under the mouth and activated by blowing air across the aperture. Other similar instruments include the piccolo and alto flute. Other instruments that have been around for a long time are the fife and the unkeyed lute. The recorder is another close relative of the flute, and is largely unkeyed.

Acoustic instruments: Acoustic instruments are similar to string instruments. Acoustic instruments make sound by resonating. They also produce sound with a soundboard. Acoustic instruments are made of wooden or metal strings. They are classified into five basic groups, according to the sound they produce. They can also be divided into subcategories based on how they are played.

The oldest scheme of classifications dates back to the third millennium BCE in China. During this time, the instruments were classified according to their materials, including wood and stone. They were often built by families and handed down from generation to generation. A variety of instruments were used for various purposes, such as religious rituals, dance, and healing.


The size of a musical instrument has an effect on its sound. Some instruments are extremely large and are not suitable for playing by children. A violin, for example, is a lot smaller than a viola, while the double bass is 180cm long and produces a meaty, low sound. Other large instruments are pianos and percussion instruments.

The size of a musical instrument is a factor that should be considered while purchasing it. It is essential to consider the purpose for which the instrument is to be used. A professional musician would most likely purchase more than one instrument for their own use. These professionals are generally less price sensitive, but will still want to buy the highest-quality products that require regular maintenance.


Several factors determine the size of a musical instrument, including the hole positions and the area of the body. This is done to create optimum playing characteristics and sound. In the case of organ pipes, the size of the bells, for example, is measured from the transition from the inner rib to the plate. Similarly, a pipe’s radius is calculated by calculating its inner longitudinal section and dividing it by the distance from its blowing end to the straight line.

For larger instruments, size is also an important factor. Some airlines have stricter regulations regarding the size of musical instruments and have changed their size restrictions. For example, an organ that is larger than 35 cm is required to be checked in as checked baggage. But if it is smaller, it may be brought in hand baggage if it is kept in a hard case and fits into an overhead compartment.


When it comes to purchasing a musical instrument, there are many factors that go into pricing. Some items are more expensive than others, and they may be more rare than others. In addition, the age of an instrument can affect its value. For example, a contemporary violin may sound great, but its antique value will be much lower than that of a 17th century violin. It can be a great experience to learn that an instrument from another era has been played by a great musician before you.

Music instrument prices vary from $50 to several thousand dollars. However, you can find some bargains by searching in used instrument stores and by enquiring from your child’s music teacher. In addition, many public and private schools have their own musical instruments available for students to borrow for a low monthly fee.

The quality of an instrument should also be considered when buying it. If an instrument is handmade, it requires a great deal of time, specific materials, and a highly trained professional to create it. Compared to a machine-made product, a handmade instrument will be more expensive. Likewise, a rare handmade piece of jewellery will cost more than a machine-made one.

Prices for musical instruments can increase due to low supply of high-quality instruments. Another reason why the price of instruments can be so high is due to an inelastic demand curve. This is due to the fact that people buy instruments for the quality and sound. This means that you may have to wait for a better time to sell your instrument.